Growth in Field Independence among Taiwanese students

E6-Holistic-Improv-Intellectual-Perf362 Taiwanese school children were randomly divided into 4 groups, one TM group and three control groups: a group in which students were allowed a nap, a group in which students were given no special attention, and a group that practiced contemplation meditation. After 6 to twelve months the TM group showed very significant improvement on 5 different scales of intellectual capability, including Field Independence, in comparison to the 3 control groups. The difference in growth with the control groups was so great and so consistent that the probability of chance was 1 in 25 million, p=.00000004. (what is a p-value?) The TM students also showed significantly reduced stress symptoms.Ref.Intelligence 29: 419–440, 2001

Field Independence

E10-Incr-Field-IndepenIndividuals randomly assigned to learn Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation Programme displayed a significant increase after three months, in comparison to controls, on measures of field independence, indicating broader comprehension with increasing ability to focus.Ref.Perceptual and Motor Skills 39: 1031–1034, 1974


在 對147 位 長期進行超覺靜坐和超覺靜坐悉諦靜坐者(平均有 9 年靜坐經驗)的研究當中,發現練習超覺靜坐的時間和研究得分有相關的聯繫。研究項目是:視覺記憶,非言語智力,創造力,場獨立性,反應速度,感覺速度,以及運動速度。練習超覺靜坐和超覺靜坐悉諦技術越久,得分越高。這證明超覺靜坐對所有以上大腦功能有正面影響。註.《瑪哈禮希超覺靜坐的科學研究》Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation, , Collected Papers Vol 3, 257, pp 1954-1966


D3-Attn-to-Details_Cadets 在這項研究中,軍校學員必須在大規模的參考中,以最快的速度找到指定的參考。練習超覺靜坐的軍校學員的速度測試顯示他們的能力提高了。 註.《‘介紹預防壓力課程的項目—超覺靜坐’. 工作人員研究中心, 教育和研究部門, 軍隊部門, 巴西》’Project for introduction of a programme for prevention of stress — Transcendental Meditation’ Centre for Personnel Studies, Department of Teaching and Research, Ministry of the Army, Brazil